55.2 Heroku

Heroku是另外一个流行的Paas平台,你可以提供一个Procfile来定义Heroku的构建过程,它提供部署应用所需的指令。Heroku为Java应用分配一个端口,确保能够路由到外部URI。

你必须配置你的应用监听正确的端口,下面是用于我们的starter REST应用的Procfile

web: java -Dserver.port=$PORT -jar target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar

Spring Boot将-D参数作为属性,通过Spring Environment实例访问。server.port配置属性适合于内嵌的Tomcat,Jetty或Undertow实例启用时使用,$PORT环境变量被分配给Heroku Paas使用。

Heroku默认使用Java 1.8,只要你的Maven或Gradle构建时使用相同的版本就没问题(Maven用户可以设置java.version属性)。如果你想使用JDK 1.7,在你的pom.xmlProcfile临近处创建一个system.properties文件,在该文件中添加以下设置:

java.runtime.version=1.7

这就是你需要做的所有内容,对于Heroku部署来说,经常做的工作就是使用git push将代码推送到生产环境。

$ git push heroku master

Initializing repository, done.
Counting objects: 95, done.
Delta compression using up to 8 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (78/78), done.
Writing objects: 100% (95/95), 8.66 MiB | 606.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 95 (delta 31), reused 0 (delta 0)

-----> Java app detected
-----> Installing OpenJDK 1.8... done
-----> Installing Maven 3.3.1... done
-----> Installing settings.xml... done
-----> executing /app/tmp/cache/.maven/bin/mvn -B
       -Duser.home=/tmp/build_0c35a5d2-a067-4abc-a232-14b1fb7a8229
       -Dmaven.repo.local=/app/tmp/cache/.m2/repository
       -s /app/tmp/cache/.m2/settings.xml -DskipTests=true clean install

       [INFO] Scanning for projects...
       Downloading: http://repo.spring.io/...
       Downloaded: http://repo.spring.io/... (818 B at 1.8 KB/sec)
        ....
       Downloaded: http://s3pository.heroku.com/jvm/... (152 KB at 595.3 KB/sec)
       [INFO] Installing /tmp/build_0c35a5d2-a067-4abc-a232-14b1fb7a8229/target/...
       [INFO] Installing /tmp/build_0c35a5d2-a067-4abc-a232-14b1fb7a8229/pom.xml ...
       [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
       [INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
       [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
       [INFO] Total time: 59.358s
       [INFO] Finished at: Fri Mar 07 07:28:25 UTC 2014
       [INFO] Final Memory: 20M/493M
       [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----> Discovering process types
       Procfile declares types -> web

-----> Compressing... done, 70.4MB
-----> Launching... done, v6
       http://agile-sierra-1405.herokuapp.com/ deployed to Heroku

To git@heroku.com:agile-sierra-1405.git
 * [new branch]      master -> master

现在你的应用已经启动并运行在Heroku。

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